Volume 2 Supplement 1


Open Access

0895. Identification and validation of a mirna as a diagnostic biomarker of diffuse alveolar damage in an animal model of acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome in mechanically ventilated patients

  • P Cardinal-Fernández1, 2,
  • A Ferruelo1, 2,
  • N Rego3,
  • Y Rojas1, 2,
  • A Ballén-Barragán1, 2,
  • R Granados1, 4,
  • C Jaramillo2,
  • E Lopez-Hernández5,
  • L Martínez-Caro1, 2,
  • N Nin6, 7,
  • R Herrero1, 2,
  • MA de la Cal1, 2,
  • A Esteban1, 2 and
  • JA Lorente1, 2, 8
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental20142(Suppl 1):O21

DOI: 10.1186/2197-425X-2-S1-O21

Published: 26 September 2014


To discover a miRNA with diagnostic characteristics for diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) in an animal of acute lung injury (ALI) and in patients with the ARDS.


Male rats (325-372 gr) underwent mechanical ventilation for 2.5 h with VT=9 ml/kg + PEEP=5 cm H2O (low VT, LV, n=10); or VT=25 ml/kg + PEEP=0 cm H2O (high VT, HV, n=19) (11 of 19 developed DAD at histological examination). Whole miRNA expression (RNA-seq-Single Read, 72 cycles, Illumina GaIIx) was analyzed in lung parenchyma. miRNA expression in LV vs. HV and in HV-DAD vs. HV-no-DAD was compared. We used a data mining strategy to prioritize the most relevant miRNA within the miRNAs differentially expressed. Prioritized miRNAs were validated in (1) serum from the same group of rats (RT-PCR); (2) human lung tissue (preserved at -80º after sampling) from autopsies of patients with ARDS (RT-PCR and in situ hybridization) (n=20); (3) human serum from mechanically ventilated patients obtained during the first 24 hours of ICU admission (n=66, 14 nonsurvivors). A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results are median (IQR), and odds ratio (OR [95% confidence interval]). RT-PCR results were expressed x10-4. Categorical and continuous variables were compared with χ2 and Mann-Whitney, respectively. Predictive multivariate logistic analysis was used to identify independent risk factors. The area under ROC curve (AUROC, mean±SEM) was used to assess the discriminatory capacity. Multiple-comparison was adjusted by FDR. The local Ethics Committee approved this study.


19 miRNAs were differentially expressed in rat lungs between the 3 groups, one of them (herein named miRNA A) containing the information to classify animals in the 3 groups (97% correct classification in the original dataset, and 86% in 5 fold cross-validation analysis). In rat serum, miRNA A expression differed in the 3 groups (p=0.045) (AUROC for the presence of DAD 0.76 [0.521-1.000], p=0.036 for the difference with the line of identity). miRNA expression in human serum was associated with mortality. Variables in multivariate analyses for the preediction of mortality were: SAPS II score (OR 1.05 [1.01-1.10], p=0.02), and miRNA A expression (OR 1.06 [1.01-1.12; p=0.04) (AUROC for the logistic model 0.84 [0.73-0.96]; for SAPSII 0.76 [0.60-0.92] and for miRNA A 0.76 [0.63-0.89]). miRNA A was more expressed in lung tissue from 39 patients with the diagnosis of ARDS than in patients without ARDS (p< 0.01). In human lung parenchyma miRNA A was detected (RT-PCR), localized in alveolar type II cells, macrophages and interstitium (in situ hybridization).


We have identified one miRNA associated with DAD in an animal model of ALI, that is expressed in human lung tissue, and whose expression in human serum correlates with mortality and with the diagnosis of ARDS.


Grant acknowledgment

FIS 12/02898, FIS 11/02791, FIS 12/02451, European Network (7th FP) ITN 264864.

Authors’ Affiliations

Centro de Investigación Biomédica En Red de Enfermedades RespiratoriaS (CIBERES)
Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Intensive Care Service and Burn Unit
Institut Pasteur de Montevideo, Unidad de Bioinformatica
Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Pathology Department
Hospital Universitario de Getafe
Hospital de Torrejon, Intensive Care Service
Hospital Español, Intensive Care Service
Universidad Europea de Madrid


© Cardinal-Fernández et al; licensee Springer. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.