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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

Rapid measurement of radical oxygen species in biological fluids may help to diagnose infection

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Introduction

Recently, we showed the interest of instantaneous production of radical oxygen species (ROS) for diagnosis of meningitis ([1]). Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are a major source of ROS through the activation of protein kinase C and NADPH oxidase pathway, which may differ according to stimuli.

Objectives

To test if ROS measurements related to infection is different from other cause of ROS production in: pleural (PlF), peritoneal (PerF) fluids and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL).

Methods

Monocentric study in ICU patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome and suspicion of infection. PlF, PerF or BAL sampled for measurement of ROS by luminescence (luminol, basal condition or stimulation by phorbol 12-myriaste 13-acetate (PMA, PKC activator)) ([1]). Non parametric tests, p < 0.05. Results are expressed in area under the curve of luminescence (AUC), median (25-75th percentiles).

Definition of infection: microbiological positivity in BAL culture (≥104 UFC/ml), in PerF or PlF, or number of PMNs ≥250/mm3 in PerL

Results

58 patients, SAPSII 43 (34-51), temperature 37.5°C (36.6-38), leukocytes 13800/mm3 (11175-23800). 17 PerF (35% infected), 28 PlF (29%infected), 20 BAL (35% infected). Culture were positive for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in PerF and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in PlF and BAL.

AUC ROS luminescence was elevated for basal (Figure) and PMA stimulated condition when infection was present (grey boxes) in PerF (p = 0.0009, p = 0.001 respectively) and in PlF (p = 0.0016, p = 0.0019) compared to negative culture (white boxes), but not in BAL. If ROS production was reported to the number of PMNs, there was no difference according to infection.

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusions

Instantaneous production of ROS was significantly increased when infection was present in PerF and PlF but not in BAL. These results questioned the validity of BAL for characterization of inflammation ([2]). This test is simple to diagnose the presence of infection and requires a validation in a larger cohort.

GRANT ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Ministère de l´Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche

Patent WO 2012/014156

References

  1. 1.

    Lukaszewicz AC, Gontier G, Faivre V, Ouanounou I, Payen D: Elevated production of radical oxygen species by polymorphonuclear neutrophils in cerebrospinal fluid infection. Ann Intensive Care. 2012, 2: 10-10.1186/2110-5820-2-10.

  2. 2.

    Chollet-Martin S, Gatecel C, Kermarrec N, Gougerot-Pocidalo MA, Payen DM: Alveolar neutrophil functions and cytokine levels in patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome during nitric oxide inhalation. AJRCCM. 1996, 153: 985-90.

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Author information

Correspondence to AC Lukaszewicz.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Lukaszewicz, A., Bardon, J., Faivre, V. et al. Rapid measurement of radical oxygen species in biological fluids may help to diagnose infection. ICMx 3, A645 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A645

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Keywords

  • Meningitis
  • Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
  • NADPH Oxidase
  • Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
  • Polymorphonuclear Neutrophil