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Table 1 Pleural effusion and haemodynamic variables

From: Fluid loading and norepinephrine infusion mask the left ventricular preload decrease induced by pleural effusion

  Baseline Pleural effusion p value
LVEDA (cm2) 11.6 ± 1.1 9.8 ± 1.2 0.001
LVESA (cm2) 7.3 ± 1.2 5.8 ± 1.0 0.001
IVCDia (cm) 0.9 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.3 0.352
dIVC (%) 5 ± 11 6 ± 9 0.703
CVP (mmHg) 4 ± 3 7 ± 3 0.001
Afterload (mmHg) 90 ± 21 68 ± 17 0.001
LVFAC (%) 37 ± 7 40 ± 9 0.205
MAP (mmHg) 77 ± 12 62 ± 14 0.001
CO (L/min) 2.2 ± 0.5 1.9 ± 0.4 0.001
HR (bpm) 62 ± 8 64 ± 18 0.619
LVEDP (mmHg) 8 ± 3 10 ± 3 0.001
PPV (%) 11 ± 5 11 ± 3 0.976
PaO2 (kPa) 32 ± 3 12 ± 4 0.001
  1. Table 1 depicts the haemodynamic variables as mean ± standard deviation at baseline and after 75 mL/kg bilateral pleural effusion installation
  2. Abbreviations: LVEDA left ventricular end-diastolic area, LVESA left ventricular end-systolic area, IVC Dia expiratory inferior vena cava diameter, dIVC inferior vena cava distensibility, CVP central venous pressure, Afterload left ventricular afterload, LVFAC left ventricular fractional area change, MAP mean arterial pressure, CO cardiac output, HR heart rate, LVEDP left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, PPV pulse pressure variation, Pa0 2 arterial partial pressure of oxygen