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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, and main outcome of patients receiving on-demand nebulizations vs. routine nebulizations

From: Effect of routine vs on-demand nebulization of acetylcysteine with salbutamol on accumulation of airway secretions in endotracheal tubes: substudy of a randomized clinical trial

Baseline characteristic On-demand nebulization group
(n = 36)
Routine nebulization group
(n = 36)
Age, median (IQR), years 65 [59–73] 61 [51–69]
Women, no. (%) 11 (31) 12 (33)
BMI, median (IQR), kg/m2 25 [23 -29] 25 [23–28]
APACHE II, median (IQR) 20 [10—22] 17 [10–20]
Reason of ICU admission, no. (%)
 Medical 24 (67) 23(64)
 Surgical 12 (33) 13 (36)
Reason of invasive ventilation, no. (%)
 OHCA 5 (14) 4 (11)
 Postoperative ventilation 6 (17) 3 (8)
 Head trauma or brain surgery 7 (19) 4 (11)
 Pneumonia 3 (8) 1 (3)
 Sepsis 1 (3) 4 (11)
 Cardiac failure 1 (3) 4 (11)
 Trauma 4 (11) 8 (22)
 Aspiration 1 (3) 2 (6)
 ARDS 0 (0) 1 (3)
 Respiratory insufficiency 8(22) 5 (14)
Comorbidity, no, (%)
 Diabetes mellitus 9 (25) 4 (11)
 Cardio-vascular disease 7 (19) 8 (22)
 Pulmonary disease 3 (8) 3 (8)
 Immunosuppression 8 (22) 3 (8)
Outcome data
 Exposure of ETT to invasive ventilation, median (IQR), days* 6 [2] 5 [2–14]
  1. IQR, interquartile range; BMI, body mass index; APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; OHCA, out of hospital cardiac arrest; ETT, endotracheal tube