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Volume 2 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2014

0588. Effects of norepinephrine on tissue perfusion in a sheep model of intraabdominal hypertension

Introduction

Intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) produces detrimental effects on tissue perfusion. A putative underlying mechanism is the decrease in abdominal perfusion pressure (APP = mean arterial pressure-intraabdominal pressure). Nevertheless, the benefits of increasing blood pressure on tissue perfusion are controversial.

Objectives

To describe the effects of IAH on regional and microcirculatory intestinal blood flow, renal blood flow, and urine output, as well as their responses to increases in blood pressure induced by norepinephrine.

Methods

In 24 anesthetized, mechanically ventilated, and fluid-resuscitated sheep, we measured systemic hemodynamics, left renal and superior mesenteric artery blood flows, villi microcirculation, ileal intramucosal-arterial PCO2 (ΔPCO2), and urine output. IAH (20 mm Hg) was generated by intraperitoneal instillation of warmed saline. After 1 h of IAH, sheep were randomized to control (n = 8) or norepinephrine (n = 8) groups for 1 h. In this last group, mean arterial pressure was increased about 20 mm Hg by means of norepinephrine. A sham group (n = 8) was also studied.

Table 1

Conclusions

In this experimental model of IAH, the gut and the kidney displayed contrasting responses. While intestinal blood flow and villi microcirculation remained unchanged, renal perfusion and urine output were severely compromised. The increase in blood pressure with norepinephrine failed to improve these variables.

Grant acknowledgment

This work was supported by the grant PICT-2010-0495 from Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica, Argentina.

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Correspondence to A Dubin.

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Ferrara, G., Edul, V.K., Eguillor, J.C. et al. 0588. Effects of norepinephrine on tissue perfusion in a sheep model of intraabdominal hypertension. ICMx 2, P33 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-2-S1-P33

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Keywords

  • Norepinephrine
  • Sham Group
  • Superior Mesenteric Artery
  • Urine Output
  • Renal Blood Flow