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Radiological signs of pulmonary congestion do not predict failed spontaneous breathing trial
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental volume 3, Article number: A1007 (2015)
Both delayed and premature liberation from mechanical ventilation (MV) are associated with increased morbimortality. Positive pressure ventilation exerts beneficial effects in individuals with cardiogenic pulmonary edema; inspiratory fall in intra-thoracic pressure during spontaneous breathing trial (SBT), in its turn, may precipitate cardiac dysfunction through abrupt increase in venous return and in left ventricular afterload.
Determine the impact of radiological signs of pulmonary congestion prior to submission to SBT on weaning outcomes in a mixed ICU population.
A prospective, observational study in an adult medical-surgical ICU. All enrolled patients met eligibility criteria for weaning from MV. Traqueostomized subjects were excluded. The primary end point was SBT failure, defined as inability to tolerate a T-piece trial during 30 to 120 minutes, in which case patient was not extubated. An attending radiologist applied a radiological score (RS)
There was a total of 170 SBTs procedures; SBT failure eventuated in 28 (16.4%). Nineteen patients (11.2%) had systolic heart failure (ejection fraction < 35%), 4 (2.4%) had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 31 (18.2%) had been intubated due to respiratory sepsis. One hundred thirty-three patients (78.3%) were extubated at first attempt. RS was similar between SBT failure and success subjects (median 3 [2 - 4] vs 3 [2 - 4], p = 0.146), which means only intersticial lung congestion for both groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis demonstrated fail accuracy (area under curve [AUC] = 0.58) of CXRs prior to T-piece trial for discrimination between SBT failure and success individuals. There was no correlation between fluid balance in the 48 hours preceding SBT and RS (ρ = -0.13).
Radiological findings of pulmonary congestion should not delay SBT indication since they did not predict greater probability of SBT failure in medical-surgical critically ill population.
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Antonio, A., Zanardo, A., Castro, P. et al. Radiological signs of pulmonary congestion do not predict failed spontaneous breathing trial. ICMx 3, A1007 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A1007
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Radiological Sign
- Systolic Heart Failure
- Pulmonary Congestion
- Spontaneous Breathing Trial