Skip to content

Advertisement

Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Prognostic implications of serum lipid metabolism over time during sepsis

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental20153 (Suppl 1) :A226

https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A226

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Free Fatty Acid
  • Simvastatin
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Rosuvastatin
  • Sepsis Patient

Intr

Despite extensive research and an improved standard of care, sepsis remains a disorder with a high mortality rate. Sepsis is accompanied by severe metabolic alterations. However, there are controversies about changes in lipid profiles in sepsis patients.

Objectives

To examine whether disorders of lipid metabolism are associated with worse disease activity and mortality.

Methods

We evaluated 117 sepsis and septic shock patients (65 survivors and 52 non-survivors) who were admitted to the intensive care unit of a university-affiliated hospital in Korea. Serum levels of cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), free fatty acid (FFA), and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I were measured on days 0, 1, 3, and 7. Patients who had previously used statins or steroids, for treating lipid diseases or liver diseases were excluded.

Results

Non-survivors showed significantly higher SOFA scores than survivors (p = 0.008). Non-survivors had low levels of cholesterol, TG, HDL, LDL, and apo A-I levels on days 0, 1, 3, and 7. In linear mixed model analysis, over time the variation in TG, LDL, FFA and apo A-I between groups differed significantly (p = 0.043, p = 0.020, p = 0.005, and p = 0.015, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in cholesterol or HDL between groups. Through multivariate analysis, TG level and SOFA scores were associated with mortality on day 0 and day 1 (p = 0.018 and p = 0.008, respectively). In survival analysis, the high TG level group showed better prognosis than the other groups (p = 0.022).

Conclusions

Recently, in two large, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies, simvastatin and rosuvastatin did not improve clinical outcomes in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or sepsis-associated ARDS patients. Similary, in contrast to previous studies, our study showed that low TG level is associated with mortality in ICU patients with sepsis. This may be due to alterations in serum lipid metabolism during sepsis, modulating the host response to inflammation in critically ill patients.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of Korea
(2)
Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of Korea

References

  1. Mortality related to severe sepsis and septic shock among critically ill patients in Australia and New Zealand, 2000-2012. JAMA. 2014, 311: 1308-1316.Google Scholar
  2. Lipoproteins in inflammation and sepsis. I. Basic science. Intensive Care Medicine. 2007, 33: 13-24.Google Scholar
  3. Lipoproteins in inflammation and sepsis. II. Clinical aspects. Intensive Care Med. 2007, 33: 25-35.Google Scholar
  4. Lipoprotein metabolism in patients with severe sepsis. Critical Care Medicine. 2003, 31: 1359-1366.Google Scholar
  5. Rosuvastatin for Sepsis-Associated Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 2014, 370: 2191-2200.Google Scholar
  6. Simvastatin in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 2014, 371: 1695-1703.Google Scholar

Copyright

© Lee et al.; 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement