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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

Determinants And Prognostic Value of Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy: Insights From The Prospective Multicentre Outcomerea Registry

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Introduction

Severe sepsis and septic shock are frequently complicated by an encephalopathy ranging from confusion to coma (sepsis-associated encephalopathy, SAE).

Objectives

To characterize risk factors and the prognostic contribution of SAE in adult patients.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients with severe sepsis or septic shock included in the French prospective multicenter (n = 12 ICUs) OUTCOMEREA database between 1997 and 2014. We excluded patients with acute brain injury as a cause of ICU admission. SAE was defined by a Glasgow coma scale < 15 at ICU admission. Independent factors associated with SAE were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Data are presented in median (IQR) or number (%).

Results

Among the 18713 patients of the cohort, 3486 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock at admission were identified. Among them, 137 patients with primary acute brain injury were excluded. Data from 3349 patients (age 66 (54-77) years, male sex 61%, medical admission 71%) were analyzed. Overall, 1586 (47%) patients had evidence of SAE on ICU admission. SAE was more frequently observed in patients with bloodstream infections (88% vs. 79%, p < 0.01) and in patients with pneumonia (45% vs 33% p < 0,01). Compared to patients without SAE, patients with SAE had higher SOFA scores (10 (7-12) versus 7 (4-9) p < 0.01), a higher length of stay in the ICU (8 (3-17) days vs. 6 (3-14) days p < 0.01), a higher ICU mortality (40% vs. 18%, p < 0.01) and a higher hospital mortality (52% vs. 29%, p < 0.01).

In multivariable logistic regression analysis, after adjustment for type of admission, immune status, history of psychiatric disorder, chronic alcohol consumption, and SAPS II score, the following parameters, identified on the day of ICU admission, remained independently associated with SAE

Conclusions

SAE is observed in about half of adult patients with sepsis at admission to the ICU and is associated with poor outcome. Our analysis identified potentially modifiable factors associated with SAE, including severe metabolic disturbances and pharmacologic agents commonly used at the early phase of sepsis management. Those factors may represent interesting therapeutic targets to lower the prevalence, the intensity and/or the duration of the SAE in critically ill patients.

Table 1 Factors associated with SAE, multivariate analysis.

Author information

Correspondence to J Poujade.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Poujade, J., Sonneville, R., Garrouste-Orgeas, M. et al. Determinants And Prognostic Value of Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy: Insights From The Prospective Multicentre Outcomerea Registry. ICMx 3, A48 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A48

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Keywords

  • Septic Shock
  • Severe Sepsis
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Multivariable Logistic Regression Analysis
  • Sofa Score