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Volume 2 Supplement 1


  • Oral presentation
  • Open Access

0449. Surface EMG of extra-diaphragmatic muscles can assess muscle unloading during neurally adjusted ventilatory support

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  • 1, 2,
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Intensive Care Medicine Experimental20142 (Suppl 1) :O12

  • Published:


  • Public Health
  • Mechanical Ventilation
  • Muscle Activity
  • Tidal Volume
  • Respiratory Muscle


Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is used to adapt mechanical ventilation to patient demand while unloading respiratory muscles. Titration methods are focused on sustained unloading of the diaphragm while maintaining a stable tidal volume [1]. It is hypothesized that the activity of accessory respiratory muscles can supply extra information about muscle unloading and patient comfort during NAVA ventilation.


To assess the extra-diaphragmatic muscle activity (EDMA) during 100%, 50% and 150% of titrated NAVA level.


EDMA was measured in ventilated patients with mild ARDS. EDMA was defined as the amplitude of the combined surface EMG at the scalene and sternomastoid muscle (Dipha16, InBiolab, Groningen, The Netherlands). A baseline NAVA level (NAVA100) was titrated using the diaphragm activity (EAdi) response to changing NAVA levels, according to Brander et al. [1]. Patients were ventilated with NAVA100, NAVA50 (50% of NAVA100) and NAVA150 (150% NAVA100) for a period of 15 minutes.


Twenty-one patients were included. In six patients EDMA was absent during NAVA100, so NAVA titration was sufficient to unload accessory respiratory muscles. Fifteen patients (71%) showed EDMA during NAVA100. In seven patients (33%) EDMA increased at NAVA50 and decreased during NAVA150. In one patient, EDMA decreased at NAVA150. One patient only showed EDMA during NAVA50. In three patients EDMA decreased at NAVA50 or increased at NAVA150. Nine patients (43%) showed no change in EDMA after a change of NAVA level.


Measurement of extra-diaphragmatic muscle activity using surface EMG during NAVA ventilation might be helpful in titration of ventilatory assist level in order to optimize patient´s comfort.

Authors’ Affiliations

Erasmus MC, Adult Intensive Care, Rotterdam, Netherlands
University of Twente, Institute of Technical Medicine, Enschede, Netherlands


  1. Brander L, Leong-Poi H, Beck J, Brunet F, Hutchison SJ, et al.: Titra- tion and implementation of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in critically ill patients. Chest 2009,135(3):695–703. 10.1378/chest.08-1747PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar


© Somhorst et al; licensee Springer. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.