Volume 2 Supplement 1
0093. Mitochondrial function of immune cells in severe sepsis and septic shock - a prospective observational cohort study
© Merz et al; licensee Springer. 2014
Published: 26 September 2014
Circulating immune cells contribute to sepsis pathophysiology. Immune system activation increases cell energy requirements ; impaired mitochondrial function and ATP production may modulate the immune response in sepsis.
To investigate mitochondrial enzyme activities and ATP content of monocytes, B cells and CD4+ T cells in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.
30 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock were studied at ICU admission and after 24 and 48 hours. Immune cells were identified and isolated using an immunomagnetic positive cell isolation procedure (Dynabeads® for Human Monocytes, Human B cells, Human CD4 cells, Invitrogen Dynal AS, Oslo, Norway). Enzymatic activity of mitochondrial complexes I, IV, and ATP synthase and ATP content were measured spectrophotometrically and expressed as ratio to citrate synthase for enzymatic activities to account for mitochondrial mass and as mass per µg of cellular protein for ATP content. Maximal mitochondrial enzymatic activities and ATP in the first 48h of sepsis were compared with samples from 20 healthy volunteers (Mann Whitney test).
Mitochondrial enzyme activities of human immune cells are increased in severe sepsis and septic shock. We suggest that this helps to preserve normal or increased cell ATP content in acute inflammation.
This study wass supported by Stiftung für die Forschung in Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin and the Gottfried und Julia Bangerter-Rhyner-Stiftung, both Bern, Switzerland.
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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.