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0738. Mortality is associated with early tachycardia and cardiac troponin release in a fluid-resuscitated rat model of sepsis
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental volume 2, Article number: P60 (2014)
Tachycardia and high troponin levels prognosticate for poor outcomes in human sepsis . Reducing cardiac stress with beta-blockade has been proposed as an important therapeutic strategy as high catecholamine levels are injurious . We have characterized a 72h fluid-resuscitated rat model of faecal peritonitis where prognostication can be made with high sensitivity and specificity at 6h from heart rate and stroke volume .
To determine whether non-survival is associated with early changes in troponin release and circulating catecholamine levels.
Male Wistar rats (325±15g) underwent insertion of tunneled carotid arterial and jugular venous lines under isoflurane anaesthesia, followed by immediate i.p. injection of 4µl/g faecal slurry. Control animals were treated identically but without i.p. injection of slurry. Once awake, attachment to a swivel-tether system allowed animals to move freely and access food and water ad libitum. Fluid resuscitation (50:50 mixture of 5% dextrose/Hartmann's; 10ml/kg/h) was commenced at 2h. At 6h, echocardiography was used to measure heart rate and stroke volume. Animals were observed until 72h to assess survival. In a second experiment septic animals underwent echocardiography at 6h followed by sacrifice and blood and tissue sampling. We here report plasma catecholamine and troponin T levels (measured by ELISA) in predicted survivors and non-survivors, and sham-operated controls.
Septic animals (n=16) had a mortality rate of 56%, with death occurring between 18-36h. A heart rate cut point of 460/min measured at 6h prognosticated 3-day survival with sensitivity of 0.88 and specificity of 0.92. Clinical features of illness at this timepoint were however mild. Table 1 shows significant differences in haemodynamics and troponin levels between predicted survivors and non-survivors. Catecholamine levels, while elevated over non-septic controls, were similar.
An association was seen between eventual non-survival and tachycardia, low stroke volume and myocardial injury (denoted by high troponin) at 6h after induction of sepsis. The impact of modulating cardiac stress on outcome merits further study.
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UK Intensive Care Foundation and NIHR
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Khaliq, W., Singer, M. 0738. Mortality is associated with early tachycardia and cardiac troponin release in a fluid-resuscitated rat model of sepsis. ICMx 2, P60 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-2-S1-P60
- Stroke Volume
- Catecholamine Level
- Troponin Level
- Measure Heart Rate
- Cardiac Stress