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Volume 2 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2014

0968. The influence of hypothermia and catecholamines on guinea pig's small bowel motility in vitro

Introduction

In critically ill patients early enteral nutrition (EN) preserves gastrointestinal (GI) integrity and motility and should be started as early as possible. We know that several therapeutic strategies, e.g. catecholamines or analgosedation, exert adverse effects on GI motility.1 What we do not know is whether therapeutic hypothermia has an influence on GI motility and thereby feeding intolerance.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to find out if guinea pig's small bowel motility is altered during hypothermia and after rewarming and if catecholamines cause alterations of peristalsis in this situation.

Methods

Guinea pig´s small bowel segments of 8 cm length were set up in organ baths containing oxygenated Tyrode´s solution. Peristalsis was elicited by luminal perfusion (0.5 ml/min) against an aboral resistance of 400 Pascal (Pa). Perfusion of the segments resulted in an increase of the intraluminal pressure up to a pressure threshold (PT; mean ±SEM), where peristaltic contractions were triggered. The pressure was recorded at the aboral end of the segments. An increase of the PT indicates an inhibition of peristalsis, while a decrease of the PT represents a stimulation of peristalsis. A PT of 400 Pa was equated with a complete block of peristalsis. PT was firstly measured at 37°C temperature of the organ bath, after rapid cooling to 20°C and after rewarming to 37°C (control). In a second setting before rewarming one of the following substances were added to the organ baths: adrenaline 100 nM, dobutamine 100 µM, noradrenaline 1 µM. At 37°C PT was evaluated again.

Results

Basic PT was 49.6 ±6.5 Pa. Lowering the bath temperature to 20°C led to a complete block of peristalsis in all tested segments (PT= 400 Pa, figure 1). During rewarming all small bowel segments started peristaltic contractions spontaneously and showed normal peristalsis at 37°C. In the second setting additional catecholamines resulted in a significantly delayed restart of peristalsis after rewarming and a persistent inhibition of peristalsis (i.e. higher PT) compared to control segments.

Figure 1
figure1

Alteration of peristalsis during hypothermia → incease of intraluminal pressure. O PT. ↑ peristaltic reflex

Table 1 PT and start of peristalsis after admission of catecho/amines compared to control. 1two-sided t-test. 2Kruskal-Wallis.

Conclusions

Our experimental setting demonstrates a distinct impairment of small bowel motility during hypothermia, a delayed restart and a persistent inhibition of motility in the presence of catecholamines, explaining the higher incidence of feeding intolerance in this group of patients.

References

  1. 1.

    Fruhwald S, Holzer P, Metzler H: Intestinal motility disturbances in intensive care patients: pathogenesis and clinical impact. Intensive Care Medicine 2007, 33: 36–44. 10.1007/s00134-006-0452-7

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

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Correspondence to M Schörghuber.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Schörghuber, M., Tatzl, E., Holzer, P. et al. 0968. The influence of hypothermia and catecholamines on guinea pig's small bowel motility in vitro . ICMx 2, P67 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-2-S1-P67

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Keywords

  • Small Bowel
  • Catecholamine
  • Dobutamine
  • Enteral Nutrition
  • Bath Temperature