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- Open Access
0992. Effects of inhaled aerosolized insulin on acutely injured lungs under normoglycemia: insulin may contribute to enhance alveolar liquid clearance through epithelial sodium channel expression
© Senda et al; licensee Springer. 2014
- Published: 26 September 2014
- Acute Lung Injury
- Keratinocyte Growth Factor
- Lung Lavage
- Epithelial Sodium Channel
- Insulin Group
We have previously shown that hyperglycemia enhances inflammatory responses and that aerosolized insulin ameliorates inflammatory responses compared to identical doses of intravenous insulin in an experimental model of acute lung injury .
The purpose of the present study is to clarify whether insulin exerts anti-inflammatory effects in acute lung injury under normoglycemia.
Twenty mechanically ventilated rabbits were randomly allocated into control group (group-C: n=10) or inhaled aerosolized insulin group (group-I: n=10). They were anesthetized with intramuscular ketamine and pentobarbital. Mechanical ventilation was initiated after tracheostomy (TV=10ml/kg, RR=25/min, I:E ratio=1:2, PEEP=3cmH2O and FIO2=1.0). Lung lavage was performed with warm normal saline (60 ml) to produce lung injury. After induction of acute lung injury, the ventilator settings were changed as follows: TV=6 ml/kg, RR=30-40/min, and PEEP=10cmH2O. The group-I received aerosolized insulin (1 IU/kg) diluted in 5ml normal saline through an ultrasonic nebulizer every three hours while the group-C received 5ml of aerosolized normal saline. Arterial blood samples were obtained for blood glucose and blood gas analyses at 60, 120, 180, 240, and 360 min after ventilation settings were changed. After 6 hours of treatment, the lungs and heart were excised en bloc, and then we examined interleukin-8 (IL-8), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) mRNA expressions in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells. We also examined mRNA expressions of endothelial sodium channel alpha subunit (ENaCα), serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase 1 (SGK1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) in the lung tissue so as to examine whether insulin contributes to recovery from lung injury.
The results failed to show insulin ameliorate inflammatory responses in acute lung injury under normoglycemia. This may partly explained by the low tidal volume ventilation with PEEP protected exacerbation of inflammatory responses in this injury model. However we found that insulin might contribute to the lung fluid clearance via expression of epithelial sodium channel.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.