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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

An observational study on the impact of the socio-economic crisis in greece on ICU patient recruitment

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Introduction

The recent ongoing financial crisis in Greece has resulted in an overall significant reduction in road traffic accidents, severe injuries and deaths.[1] On the other hand, there is conflicting data about the rate of suicides and suicidal attempts.[2, 3]

Objectives

To investigate the impact of the Greek socioeconomic crisis that started in 2010 on the ICU and hospital admissions due to traffic accident related multiple trauma (MT) and admissions after suicidal attempt (SA).

Methods

“Papageorgiou” General Hospital is one of the four major hospitals of Thessaloniki, the second largest Greek city of 1.2 million inhabitants. Data was extracted from hospital databases (ICD-10 diagnoses V01-V89 for MT and X60-X84 for SA) from the year 2008 to 2014. Several variables concerning patient demographics, APACHE and SAPS II scores, length of ICU stay (LOS) and outcome were recorded and further statistically analyzed using χ[2], Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Results

During 2008-2014 the hospital has welcomed an average of 100.2+4.7x103 patients annually, with an increasing trend. The general adult multidisciplinary ICU has 10 beds, 92.4% percentage of mechanically ventilated patients and an average admission rate of 392.4+41.6 patients per year. Over the study period, 262 patients with MT and 66 patients after SA were admitted in ICU. MT patients were 79.8% males, mean age 40+19.3 years old, median LOS 10 days (interquartile range 4-22), mean APACHE score 10.9+6.6, mean SAPS II 37.6+16.7, overall mortality 16.8% with 48h mortality of 7.6%. SA patients were 62.1% females, mean age 43.1+15, median LOS 2 days (interquartile range 1-4), mean APACHE score 13.3+7.3, mean SAPS II 44.7+13.8,overall mortality 9.1% with 48h mortality of 6.1%. There was a significant decrease (-45.5% in total or -7.59% per year) in the admission rate of MT along with a significant increase (+68.9% in total or +11.49% per year) in the admission rate of SA (actual numbers and trend-lines shown in Figure 1). Statistical analysis revealed associations of mortality with age (p = 0.001 for MT and p = 0.016 for SA) and with both scoring systems (p < 0.001). No statistical significant differences of gender, age, LOS and mortality were recorded over time.

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusions

The financial crisis in Greece has resulted in a gradual and ongoing decrease in ICU admissions of patients with multiple trauma after severe traffic accident and a parallel increase in admissions after suicidal attempt. Overall mortality has been kept constant over time.

References

  1. 1.

    Michas G, et al: Road traffic accidents in Greece: have we benefited for the financial crisis?. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013, 67: 894-10.1136/jech-2013-202827.

  2. 2.

    Vlachadis N, et al: Greece's economic crisis and suicide rates: overview and outlook. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2014, 1-2.

  3. 3.

    Fountoulakis KN, et al: Rate of suicide and suicide attempts in Thessaloniki Greece (2000-2012). J Affect Disord. 2015, 174: 131-6.

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Author information

Correspondence to S Savvidou.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Savvidou, S., Marmanidou, K., Oikonomou, M. et al. An observational study on the impact of the socio-economic crisis in greece on ICU patient recruitment. ICMx 3, A137 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A137

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Keywords

  • Suicidal Attempt
  • Traffic Accident
  • Admission Rate
  • Road Traffic Accident
  • Multiple Trauma