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Diagnostic and prognostic usefulness of mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin levels in patients with severe sepsis
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental volume 3, Article number: A306 (2015)
Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is a fragment of 48 amino acids which splits from the final proADM molecule in a ratio of 1:1 with ADM. It is essentially irrelevant, but proportionally represents the levels and activity of ADM. Its half-life is several hours longer, and its plasma concentrations can be determined in clinical practice. It has been identified as a prognostic marker, stratifying the mortality risk in patients with sepsis.
To evaluate the usefulness of MR-proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) levels in the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in patients admitted to the ICU.
Prospective observational single-center study. A total of 120 consecutive patients with suspected severe sepsis were recruited to the ICU of Jerez Hospital. Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory data and MR-proADM, Procalcitonin (PCT), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were collected at the time of admission, at 48 hours, at the 5th day and on the day of discharge from the ICU.
104 patients were diagnosed at discharge of severe sepsis and 16 patients were diagnosed of SIRS without sepsis. The group of septic patients reached MR-proADM levels of 4.05 nmol/l vs of 0.309 nmol/l in not septic patients (p < 0.0001). The AUC-ROC was 0.9474 (Figure 1).
At 48 hours after admission the MR-proADM levels in surviving septic patients fell to 1.65 nmol/l and in the non-survivors 2.475 nmol/l (p = 0.04). On the 5th day following admission the survivor levels fell to 1.36 nmol/l vs 3.42 nmol/l in the septic patients who died in the ICU (p = 0.0006). At the 5th day the survivors showed greater clearance MR-proADM with a median level of 62.7% vs 21.2% in the non-survivors (Table 1).
The AUC the ROC curve at the 5th day was: MR-proADM 0,828(p = 0,001); PCT 0.725 (p = 0,016) CRP 0.700 (p = 0,0214). The AUC the ROC curve to MR-proADM clearance at the 5th day was 0,734 (p = 0,0104) (Figure 2)
Patients with MR-proADM levels of 2.5 nmol/l and above or MR-proADM clearance less than 30% at the 5th day following admission in the ICU showed an enhance in mortality (p < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazards models) MR-proADM levels and MR-proADM clearance at the 5th day following admission, were statistically significant predictive factors for mortality in the ICU and at 90 days (Figure 3).
Initial MR-proADM levels help to identify the infectious origin in patients with SIRS and organ dysfunction. MR-proADM levels and its clearance at the 5th day following admission are the most effective biomarker to determine unfavorable evolution and the risk of mortality in patients with severe sepsis admitted to the ICU.
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Valenzuela Sanchez, F., Valenzuela Mendez, B., Bohollo de Austria, R. et al. Diagnostic and prognostic usefulness of mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin levels in patients with severe sepsis. ICMx 3, A306 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A306
- Severe Sepsis
- Organ Dysfunction
- Septic Patient
- Prognostic Usefulness