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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

Thermal challenge of the microcirculation in patients after cardiac surgery

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Introduction

Microcirculatory alterations have been correlated with poorer outcomes in different populations of critically ill patients. A controlled increase in the local skin temperature (thermal challenge) induces vasodilation, which may represent a measure of microcirculation recruitability and can be easily evaluated non-invasively using skin laser Doppler (SLD) (1). We previously demonstrated lower SLD values during thermal challenge in patients with circulatory shock, particularly in non-survivors (2).

Objectives

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether reduced microcirculatory recruitability could be identified using this technique in patients after cardiac surgery and, if so, whether it was correlated with outcome.

Methods

We evaluated 28 patients admitted to our department of intensive care after cardiac surgery. A thermostatic SLD probe (Perimed, Sweden) was placed on the proximal anterior forearm to evaluate the skin blood flow (SBF), measured in perfusion units (PU). The probe temperature was set at 37°C and we recorded the basal SBF. The temperature was then increased to 43°C and the SBF evaluated 9 min later. We calculated the ratio between the two values as an index of capillary recruitment. We compared patients who died or stayed in the ICU for more than 72 hours (COMPLICATED) with those who survived and stayed less than 72 hours in the ICU (CONTROL). All values are presented as median values and interquartile range. We calculated the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC-ROC) for the SLD ratio 43/37°C to discriminate between the two groups (COMPLICATED vs CONTROL). All analyses were performed using SPSS 22.0 (IBM, USA).

Results

The main patient characteristics are shown in Table 1. SBF was similar between groups at 37°C, but lower at 43°C in the COMPLICATED than in the CONTROL group (Table 2). The AUC-ROC (CI 95%) for the SLD ratio was 0.76 (0.58-0.94).

Table 1 Main characteristics of both groups.
Table 2 Hemodynamic and SLD variables.

Conclusions

Patients with a complicated course after cardiac surgery have reduced microcirculatory recruitability as assessed by a non-invasive SLD thermal challenge in the first hours during the ICU stay.

Grant Acknowledgment

Institutional funds

References

  1. 1.

    Kellogg DL Jr, Liu Y, Kosiba IF, O'Donnell D: Role of nitric oxide in the vascular effects of local warming of the skin in humans. J Appl Physiol. 1999, 86 (4): 1185-1190.

  2. 2.

    Stringari , et al: Intensive Care Medicine. 2014, 40 (Suppl 1): 0155-

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Author information

Correspondence to D Orbegozo Cortes.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Orbegozo Cortes, D., Stringari, G., Damazio, R. et al. Thermal challenge of the microcirculation in patients after cardiac surgery. ICMx 3, A416 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A416

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Keywords

  • Skin Temperature
  • Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve
  • Local Skin
  • Skin Blood Flow
  • Circulatory Shock