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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Influence of acute kidney injury on high sensitive troponin after cardiac surgery. a single center retrospective observational study

  • 1, 2,
  • 1,
  • 1, 3,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1, 3,
  • 1,
  • 4 and
  • 1
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental20153 (Suppl 1) :A633

https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A633

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Myocardial Injury
  • Cardiac Troponin

Introduction

The risk assessment of cardiac troponin and other cardiac biomarkers in end-stage renal disease is not equivalent where clinical decision making in patients with renal diseases based on cardiac biomarkers needs justification in relation to patient management or outcomes [1]. Long-term outcome could be influenced by acute kidney injury (AKI) in cardiac surgery [2], but cardiac troponins need exploration in theses settings.

Objectives

Assess the diagnostic performance of high sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) in the settings of cardiac surgery-induced AKI. Link it with mortality as well as the lengths of ventilation, ICU stay and hospital stay.

Methods

Single center observational retrospective study. A database was available for all patients (sex, age, body mass index, duration of the operation, duration of ICU and hospital length of stay, levels of cardiac enzymes, evidence of perioperative myocardial infarction, early mortality. The lengths of ventilation, stay in ICU, and hospitalization. Based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network, AKI was defined as an abrupt (within 48 h) reduction in kidney function, defined as an absolute increase in serum creatinine concentration of 0.3 mg/dL (26.4 µmol/L) or greater or a percentage increase of 50% or greater (1.5-fold from baseline). Patients divided into 2 groups, group I without AKI (259 patients) and group II with AKI (100 patients) where serial of hsTnT and creatine kinase (CK)-MB followed. Both groups compared and statistically analyzed. We enrolled 359 patients, patients with ESRD were excluded.

Results

The mean age in our study population was 55.1 ± 10.2 years. High association of AKI (27.8%) was found in our patients. Both groups were matched regarding the age, gender, body mass index, the association of diabetes or hypertension, and Euro score. AKI group had significantly higher mortality 6% vs group I 1.7% (p = 0.026). The hsTnT significant changes between both groups remain all over the course, which unparalleled to those of CK-MB (Figures 1&2). The AKI group with more associated with heart failure 17.9% vs 4.9% (p=.000); and post-operative atrial fibrillation, 12.4% vs 2.9% (p = 0.005). Lengths of ventilation, stays in ICU and in hospital were significantly higher in the AKI group (Table 1).
Figure 1
Figure 1

Changes in hsTnT in both groups

Figure 2
Figure 2

Changes in CK-MB in both groups

Table 1

Comparison between both groups.

Variable

Group I (No AKI) 259 (%)

Group II (AKI) 100 (%)

P- Value

Age

54.43 ± 10.8

56.09 ± 10.7

0.13

Diabetes

138 (53.2)

56 (56)

0.38

Euro score

3.8 ± 2.4

5.1 ± 3.6

0.06

POAF

7 (2.7)

12 (12)

0.005

Mortality

5 (1.9)

7 (7)

0.026

LOV(minutes)

364.1 ± 112

575.5 ± 199

0.001

LOSICU (hours)

52.9 ± 41.1

109.4 ± 89

0.000

LOH (days)

10.8 ± 6.4

15.8 ± 7.3

0.007

POAF: post operative atrial fibrillation, LOSICU length of stay in ICU, LOV length of ventilation, LOH hospital length of stay

Conclusions

Unlike the CK-MB profile, the hsTnT showed significant changes between both groups all over the course denoting possible delayed clearance in patients with AKI that needs to put in consideration in interpreting post-operative myocardial injury and infarction in this population.

Grant Acknowledgment

All members of CT department and medical research center, HMC, Doha, Qatar

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Hamad Medical Corporation, Cardiothoracic Surgery-Heart Hospital, Doha, Qatar
(2)
Faculty of Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt
(3)
Faculty of Medicine, Anaesthesiology, Alazhar University, Cairo, Egypt
(4)
Hamad Medical Corporation, Biomedical Statistics, Medical Research Center, Doha, Qatar

References

  1. Vesely DL: Natriuretic peptides and acute renal failure. Am J Physiology-Renal Physiology. 2003, 285 (2): F167-F177. 10.1152/ajprenal.00259.2002.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Prowle JR, Kirwan CJ: Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery: The Injury That Keeps on Hurting?*. Critical Care Med. 2014, 42 (9): 2142-2143. 10.1097/CCM.0000000000000453.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Omar et al.; 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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