Skip to main content

Advertisement

Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

Analysis of the outcome of liver transplantation patients in india - a prospective observational study

Article metrics

Introduction

Liver transplantation has become a widely accepted therapy for the management of the complications of cirrhosis and liver failure.

Objectives

To analyze the patients undergoing the Liver transplant Recipients and the factors influencing the outcome of the patients at our tertiary care hospital.

Methods

The patients underwent liver transplantation recepients between May 2014 to Jan 2015 were analysed. The data was collected from patient records after ethics committee approval. The data captured were Age,sex, ICU and hospital length of stay, bilirubin, albumin, INR, creatinine, intubation days, readmission,cold ischemia, warm ischemia, portal vein thrombosis, SGOT, SGPT, Vasopressors use, APACHE II, SOFA Score, MELD Score, arterial anatomy, graft complications, hospital and 60day mortality, readmissions, hospital acquired infections are monitored.

Results

The total number of patients enrolled are 34. See tables 1, 2 and 3

Table 1 Demographic data of the transplant receipients.
Table 2 Outcome data of transplant patients.
Table 3 Mortality and other outcomes of the patients.

The hospital mortality rate in our study is 2.94% (one patient).

All the patients are ABO compatable, 2 patients had early graft rejection of which one patient liver functions has completely recovered and the other had not fully recovered. The hospital acquired infections are nil in these patients.

26 (76.47%) liver donors are brain death patients. 5 (14.71%) receipient patients are HCV positive. The factors increasing the the mortality are Increased ICU and hospital length of stay, reintubation, readmission and renal replacement therapy.

The statistically significant factors which increase the ICU length of stay are increased Bilurubin, decreased Albumin, increased ventilator days, increased Cold Ischemia and Warm Ischemia time, use of Vasopressors, lowest Platelets and raised INR.

The statistically significant factors which increase the Hospital length of stay are decreased Albumin, increased ventilator days, reintubation, use of Vasopressors, readmission and lower platelets. The 60 day mortality is similar to hospital mortality.

Conclusions

The patients undergoing the Liver transplant Recipients had good outcomes with less mortality and is comparable to the best centres in the world.

Hospital acquired infections are nil in these patients.

We need larger number to analyse the patients.

References

  1. 1.

    Long-Term Survival After Liver Transplantation in 4,000 Consecutive Patients at a Single Center. Ann Surg. 2000, 232 (4): 490-500. 10.1097/00000658-200010000-00004. Oct

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to S Jakkinaboina.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Keywords

  • Renal Replacement Therapy
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Brain Death
  • Portal Vein Thrombosis
  • Hospital Length