Skip to main content

Advertisement

Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

Changes in clinical practice for central venous access cannulation after the introduction of ultrasound studies in the ICU

Article metrics

  • 295 Accesses

Introduction

The introduction of ultrasound in the ICU has been extended in recent years. Multiple studies have examined the potential benefits of its use for central venous access canulation, although not yet know what changes occur in clinical practice.

Objectives

Analyze changes in clinical practice before and after train a group of intensivists in the management of ultrasound-guided technich for central venous access cannulation.

Methods

Prospective cohort study conducted at the Hospital Universitario del Tajo between September 1, 2011 and September 1, 2014. Two groups were created. A Control Group (CG) involving all central catheters access cannulated between 1 September 2011 and 1 September 2012. The following year the ultrasound was entering in the ICU. The second group, ultrasound group (UG), including all central catheters access cannulated between 1 September 2013 and 1 September 2014. Catheter and localization, the use of ultrasound, date of insertion and removal were collected, major bleeding, pneumothorax, and catheter bacteremia. For statistical analysis, SPSS v20.0 for comparison of qualitative variables the χ2 test and Student´s t test was used for quantitative variables. For rate analysis program Epidat 4.1 was used.

Results

The number of catheters increased significantly from 141 in CG to 181 in UG. Remarkable was the jugular accesses increased from 35 (24.8%) to 67 (37.0%) (Table 1). In the UG 97 (53.6%) of central veins with ultrasound guidance were cannulated. The mean length mantenance were 6.43 days in the CG versus 6.35 days in UG (p = 0.054). There wasn´t significant differences about pneumothorax observed (Table 1). The bacteremia rates were in the CG of 1.14 / 1000 catheter days and the UG 6.27 / 1000 catheter days, with an RR 5.49 (95% CI 0.44 to 20.0).

Table 1 Table 1

Conclusions

The use of ultrasound guidance to cannulate central vein access in ICU significantly increases the number of implanted catheters, especially in the jugular. A decrease in pneumothorax or major bleeding is observed. An increase of bacteremia rates is observed.

Author information

Correspondence to Ó Martínez González.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Martínez González, Ó., Ballesteros, D., Alonso Fernández, M.Á. et al. Changes in clinical practice for central venous access cannulation after the introduction of ultrasound studies in the ICU. ICMx 3, A73 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A73

Download citation

Keywords

  • Catheter
  • Prospective Cohort
  • Pneumothorax
  • Prospective Cohort Study
  • Analysis Program