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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Changes in clinical practice for central venous access cannulation after the introduction of ultrasound studies in the ICU

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental20153 (Suppl 1) :A73

https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A73

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Catheter
  • Prospective Cohort
  • Pneumothorax
  • Prospective Cohort Study
  • Analysis Program

Introduction

The introduction of ultrasound in the ICU has been extended in recent years. Multiple studies have examined the potential benefits of its use for central venous access canulation, although not yet know what changes occur in clinical practice.

Objectives

Analyze changes in clinical practice before and after train a group of intensivists in the management of ultrasound-guided technich for central venous access cannulation.

Methods

Prospective cohort study conducted at the Hospital Universitario del Tajo between September 1, 2011 and September 1, 2014. Two groups were created. A Control Group (CG) involving all central catheters access cannulated between 1 September 2011 and 1 September 2012. The following year the ultrasound was entering in the ICU. The second group, ultrasound group (UG), including all central catheters access cannulated between 1 September 2013 and 1 September 2014. Catheter and localization, the use of ultrasound, date of insertion and removal were collected, major bleeding, pneumothorax, and catheter bacteremia. For statistical analysis, SPSS v20.0 for comparison of qualitative variables the χ2 test and Student´s t test was used for quantitative variables. For rate analysis program Epidat 4.1 was used.

Results

The number of catheters increased significantly from 141 in CG to 181 in UG. Remarkable was the jugular accesses increased from 35 (24.8%) to 67 (37.0%) (Table 1). In the UG 97 (53.6%) of central veins with ultrasound guidance were cannulated. The mean length mantenance were 6.43 days in the CG versus 6.35 days in UG (p = 0.054). There wasn´t significant differences about pneumothorax observed (Table 1). The bacteremia rates were in the CG of 1.14 / 1000 catheter days and the UG 6.27 / 1000 catheter days, with an RR 5.49 (95% CI 0.44 to 20.0).

Table 1

 

Control Group

Ultrasound Group

p

Catheters number(%)

141

181

0,004

Basilic

2(1,4)

1(0,6)

 

Cephalic

32(22,7)

22(12,2)

 

Femoral

22(15,6)

36(19,9)

 

Subclavian

50(35,5)

55(30,4)

 

Yugular

35(24,8)

67(37,0)

 

Ultrasound guided(%)

11(7,8)

97(53,6)

0,026

Pneumothorax(%)

2(2,4)

3(2,5)

0,667

Bacteremia(%)

1(0,7)

7(3,9)

0,084

Conclusions

The use of ultrasound guidance to cannulate central vein access in ICU significantly increases the number of implanted catheters, especially in the jugular. A decrease in pneumothorax or major bleeding is observed. An increase of bacteremia rates is observed.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Critical Care, Hospital Universitario del Tajo, Aranjuez, Spain

Copyright

© Martínez González et al.; 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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