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Volume 3 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2015

Early percutaneous coronary intervention and in-hospital mortality in non st elevation coronary syndromes

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Introduction

PCI timing remains controversial in patients with non ST elevation coronary syndromes.

Objectives

To analyze the influence of early PCI (ePCI) on in-hospital mortality in this population.

Methods

We analyzed 449 patients with diagnosis of non ST elevation coronary syndrome consecutively admitted in our teaching referrall ICU during the period 01/01/2012 - 20/03/2015. When PCI was performed during ICU it was considered ePCI. Otherwise (patients without PCI or with delayed PCI after ICU stay) were considered non ePCI. We analyzed the influence of ePCI in hospital mortality. An univariate analysis with in-hospital mortality as the main outcome and NYHA, Saps 3, age and sex as the main covariates was performed. A binary logistic regression was also performed to adjust for the main confounders. Chi square, T-test and binary logistic regression were used.

Results

A total of 296 patients were treated with ePCI. Those with ePCI had a lower mortality than those without ePCI (4.07% vs 9.15%; p 0.029). The multivariate analysis showed that the independent predictors were both Saps 3 and NYHA score. Results of both univariate and multivariate analysis are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

Table 1 Univariate Analysis. ePCI patiens were younger and with lower severity scores than their counterparts without ePCI.
Table 2 Multivariate Analysis.

After multivariate analysis ePCI lost his protective effect and mortality seems to be mainly related to patient´s severity (saps 3 or NYHA score)

Conclusions

In our population ePCI do not determine in-hospital mortality. Severity measured either by Saps 3 or by NYHA scores, and not ePCI, seems to be the major determinant of mortality.

Author information

Correspondence to J Cebrián Domenech.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Cite this article

Cebrián Domenech, J., Gisbert Garcia, M., Vacacela Cordova, K. et al. Early percutaneous coronary intervention and in-hospital mortality in non st elevation coronary syndromes. ICMx 3, A750 (2015) doi:10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A750

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Protective Effect
  • Univariate Analysis
  • Independent Predictor