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effect of 5-aminolaevulenic acid on postoperative lactate levels in patients undergoing surgery for malignant brain tumours
© Baake et al.; 2015
- Published: 1 October 2015
- Malignant Glioma
- Lactate Level
- Liver Mitochondrion
- Malignant Brain Tumour
- Maximum Lactate
5-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA) is a natural precursor of haemoglobin. Exogenously administered 5-ALA can lead to intracellular accumulation of fluorescent porphyrins in malignant tissues, such as glioblastoma. 5-ALA is increasingly used to improve tumour visualisation and enable more optimal resection of malignant gliomas. In vitro, 5-ALA can cause oxidative damage to rat liver mitochondria. In vivo, rats exposed to 5-ALA developed increased lactate levels; possibly because inhibition of oxidative metabolism . Univariate data also suggested an effect of 5-ALA in neurosurgical patients . Since lactate levels are widely used to monitor patients, we performed multivariate analysis on the impact of 5-ALA on lactate levels.
Asses the relation of preoperative 5-ALA on postoperative systemic lactate levels in patients undergoing surgery for malignant brain tumours.
In an observational study in a cohort of neurosurgical patients who underwent resection of a suspected malignant glioma and were postoperatively admitted to our ICU, we compared lactate levels between patients who received 5-ALA preoperatively (5-ALA group) and those who did not (control group). The decision to use 5-ALA was at the discretion of the neurosurgeon and was based on the specific tumour characteristics on preoperative imaging. If fluorescent-guided resection was scheduled, the patient received 20 mg/kg of 5-ALA (Gliolan, Medac, Germany) orally 2 hours before the induction of anaesthesia. All patients received high-dose dexamethasone. Peri- and postoperative lactate and glucose levels were routinely obtained during the ICU stay in all included patients in this study using a point-of-care analyzer blood gas analyser.
From 2007 to 2014 we included 350 patients aged 56 ± 14, 60% males. 89 patiens (25%) received 5-ALA. These patients were older than controls (62 ± 8 vs. 53 ± 15;p < 0.001); duration of operation did not differ between the control and 5-ALA groups (NS). On day 0 the mean maximum lactate in the 5-ALA vs control groups was 2.83 ± 1.34 vs 2.47 ± 1.24 mmol/L (p = 0.02). On the first postoperative day the lactate levels were similar. Multivariate analysis showed that age (p = 0.02), duration of operation (p = 0.04) and glucose (p < 0.001), but not 5-ALA (p = 0.43) were related with lactate.
5-ALA use was only univariately associated with increased postoperative lactate levels. MV-analysis, strongly points to a central role of hyperglycemia, as was recently also observed after cardiac surgery .
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