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Volume 2 Supplement 1

ESICM LIVES 2014

0727. Normal saline versus ringer´s lactate in experimental sepsis

Introduction

The development of hyperchloremic acidosis associated with normal saline (NS) administration may be deleterious in septic shock.

Objectives

To compare the time-course of hemodynamics, organ dysfunction and survival with NS or Ringer's lactate (RL) in an experimental model of severe peritonitis.

Methods

Fourteen adult sheep (24-34 Kg) were anesthetized (midazolam, ketamine and morphine), mechanically ventilated and invasively monitored. A cecotomy was performed to collect autologous feces that were later re-injected into the peritoneal cavity through the abdominal wall to create abdominal sepsis. RL was administered during the surgical procedure. After baseline measurements, animals were randomly allocated to receive only NS or RL titrated to maintain pulmonary artery occlusion pressure at baseline level. Neither vasoactive agents nor antibiotics were used during the experiment. Animals were followed until death or for a maximum of 30 hours. Time-evolution for repeated measurement data was analyzed using a Generalized Estimating Equations approach in SPSS 19.0 (IBM) with a p < 0.05 considered as significant. Data are presented as median with inter-quartile range.

Results

See tables 1, 2 and 3

Table 1 Acid-base parameters
Table 2 Systemic parameters
Table 3 Laboratory parameters

Survival time was significantly shorter in the NS group than in the RL group (17 [14-20] hours vs 26 [23-29] hours, p Logrank=0.003).

Conclusions

In this sheep model of severe abdominal sepsis, NS-induced hyperchloremic acidosis was associated with an increased development of organ dysfunction and greater mortality.

Grant acknowledgment

Institutional funds only.

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Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to D Orbegozo Cortes.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Cortes, D.O., Fuhong, S., Santacruz, C. et al. 0727. Normal saline versus ringer´s lactate in experimental sepsis. ICMx 2, P49 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2197-425X-2-S1-P49

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Keywords

  • Morphine
  • Midazolam
  • Normal Saline
  • Organ Dysfunction
  • Occlusion Pressure