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  1. Content type: Research

    Even though crystalloids are the first choice for fluid resuscitation in hemodynamically unstable patients, their potency as plasma volume expanders in hypovolemia of different etiologies is largely unknown. T...

    Authors: Svajunas Statkevicius, Attila Frigyesi and Peter Bentzer

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:50

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  2. Content type: Review

    In critically ill patients, organ dysfunctions are routinely assessed, monitored, and treated. Mounting data show that substantial critical illness-induced changes in the immune system can be observed in most ...

    Authors: Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller, Christian Meisel, Michaela Fux and Joerg C. Schefold

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:49

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  3. Content type: Research

    Although anthrax immune globulin (AIG) improved survival in antibiotic-treated Bacillus anthracis-challenged animal models, whether it adds to the benefit of conventional hemodynamic support for B. anthracis toxi...

    Authors: Dante A. Suffredini, Xizhong Cui, Dharmvir Jaswal, Kenneth E. Remy, Yan Li, Junfeng Sun, Steven B. Solomon, Yvonne Fitz, Mahtab Moayeri, Stephen Leppla and Peter Q. Eichacker

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:48

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  4. Content type: Research

    Defining the association between excessive noise in intensive care units, sleep disturbance and morbidity, including delirium, is confounded by the difficulty of implementing successful strategies to reduce pa...

    Authors: Stuart Gallacher, Doyo Enki, Sian Stevens and Mark J. Bennett

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:47

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  5. Content type: Research

    Severe hypoperfusion can cause lung damage. We studied the effects of regional perfusion block in normal lungs and in the lungs that had been conditioned by lavage with 500 ml saline and high V ...

    Authors: Barbara Cambiaghi, Francesco Vasques, Onnen Mörer, Christian Ritter, Tommaso Mauri, Nils Kunze-Szikszay, Karin Holke, Francesca Collino, Giorgia Maiolo, Francesca Rapetti, Elias Schulze-Kalthoff, Tommaso Tonetti, Günter Hahn, Michael Quintel and Luciano Gattinoni

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:46

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  6. Content type: Research

    Infants with congenital heart defects (CHD) are at risk for white matter brain injury. This novel rat pup model characterizes the systemic effects of intravasal cell-free hemoglobin and hyperoxia, hypothesizin...

    Authors: Åsa Jungner, Suvi Vallius, Matteo Bruschettini, Olga Romantsik, Magnus Gram and David Ley

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:45

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  7. Content type: Research

    Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a clinical syndrome following inflammation. Clinically, it is difficult to distinguish SIRS following an infection, i.e., sepsis, from non-infectious SIRS. Mye...

    Authors: Irene T. Schrijver, Hans Kemperman, Mark Roest, Jozef Kesecioglu and Dylan W. de Lange

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:43

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  8. Content type: Research

    Pleural effusion (PLE) may lead to low blood pressure and reduced cardiac output. Low blood pressure and reduced cardiac output are often treated with fluid loading and vasopressors. This study aimed to determ...

    Authors: Kristian Borup Wemmelund, Viktor Kromann Ringgård, Simon Tilma Vistisen, Janus Adler Hyldebrandt, Erik Sloth and Peter Juhl-Olsen

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:42

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  9. Content type: Research

    Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) systems have gained clinical appeal as supplemental therapy in the treatment of acute and chronic respiratory injuries with low tidal volume or non-invasive ventilat...

    Authors: R. Garrett Jeffries, Laura Lund, Brian Frankowski and William J. Federspiel

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:41

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  10. Content type: Research

    Mechanical ventilation with positive end expiratory pressure and low tidal volume, i.e. protective ventilation, is recommended in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the effect of prote...

    Authors: Jesper Sperber, Axel Nyberg, Miklos Lipcsey, Åsa Melhus, Anders Larsson, Jan Sjölin and Markus Castegren

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:40

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  11. Content type: Research

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can play important roles in inflammation and infection, which are common manifestations of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We assessed if whole blood miRNAs were potential diagno...

    Authors: Zhaozhong Zhu, Liming Liang, Ruyang Zhang, Yongyue Wei, Li Su, Paula Tejera, Yichen Guo, Zhaoxi Wang, Quan Lu, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Xi Zhu, Ednan K. Bajwa, B. Taylor Thompson, Guo-Ping Shi and David C. Christiani

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:38

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  12. Content type: Research

    In various ICU conditions, measurement of diminished expression of human leukocyte antigen-DR on circulating monocytes (mHLA-DR) by flow cytometry appears to be a reliable marker of acquired immunosuppression....

    Authors: Mehdi Zouiouich, Morgane Gossez, Fabienne Venet, Thomas Rimmelé and Guillaume Monneret

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:39

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  13. Content type: Research

    Mounting evidence suggests that sepsis-induced morbidity and mortality are due to both immune activation and immunosuppression. Resistin is an inflammatory cytokine and uremic toxin. Septic hyperresistinemia (...

    Authors: Anthony Bonavia, Lauren Miller, John A. Kellum and Kai Singbartl

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:36

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  14. Content type: Research

    Esophageal pressure, used as a surrogate for pleural pressure, is commonly measured by air-filled balloon, and the accuracy of measurement depends on the proper balloon volume. It has been found that larger fi...

    Authors: Yan-Lin Yang, Xuan He, Xiu-Mei Sun, Han Chen, Zhong-Hua Shi, Ming Xu, Guang-Qiang Chen and Jian-Xin Zhou

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:35

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  15. Content type: Research

    Veno-venous extracorporeal CO2 removal (vv-ECCO2R) is increasingly being used in the setting of acute respiratory failure. Blood flow rates through the device range from 200 ml/min to more than 1500 ml/min, and t...

    Authors: Christian Karagiannidis, Stephan Strassmann, Daniel Brodie, Philine Ritter, Anders Larsson, Ralf Borchardt and Wolfram Windisch

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:34

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  16. Content type: Research

    Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to assess cardiac autonomic activity in critically ill patients, driven by translational and biomarker research agendas. Several clinical and technical factors can in...

    Authors: Shamir N. Karmali, Alberto Sciusco, Shaun M. May and Gareth L. Ackland

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:33

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  17. Content type: Research

    Platelets have been involved in both immune surveillance and host defense against severe infection. To date, whether platelet phenotype or other hemostasis components could be associated with predisposition to...

    Authors: Nathalie Layios, Céline Delierneux, Alexandre Hego, Justine Huart, Christian Gosset, Christelle Lecut, Nathalie Maes, Pierre Geurts, Arnaud Joly, Patrizio Lancellotti, Adelin Albert, Pierre Damas, André Gothot and Cécile Oury

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:32

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  18. Content type: Research

    Novel extracorporeal procedures are constantly being developed and evaluated for use in patients with sepsis. Preclinical evaluation of such procedures usually requires testing in large animal models. In the p...

    Authors: Ahmed Al-Chalabi, Edouard Matevossian, Anne von Thaden, Catherine Schreiber, Peter Radermacher, Wolfgang Huber, Aritz Perez Ruiz de Garibay and Bernhard Kreymann

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:31

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  19. Content type: Research

    Cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) was shown to have a regulatory role in glucose metabolism. Circulatory shock can induce metabolic stress, thereby leading to hyperglycemia and mitochondrial dysfunction. In vitro da...

    Authors: Tamara Merz, Josef A. Vogt, Ulrich Wachter, Enrico Calzia, Csaba Szabo, Rui Wang, Peter Radermacher and Oscar McCook

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:30

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  20. Content type: Research

    Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is a common cause of acute kidney injury in intensive care and surgery. Recently, novel organic mononitrites of 1,2-propanediol (PDNO) were synthesized and shown to rapidly an...

    Authors: Kristofer F. Nilsson, John Sandin, Lars E. Gustafsson and Robert Frithiof

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:29

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  21. Content type: Research

    Controlling blood pH during acute ventilatory failure and hypercapnia in individuals suffering from severe acute kidney injury (AKI) and undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is of paramount i...

    Authors: Thiago Gomes Romano, Luciano Cesar Pontes Azevedo, Pedro Vitale Mendes, Eduardo Leite Vieira Costa and Marcelo Park

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:28

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  22. Content type: Research

    Mechanical ventilation and hyperoxia have the potential to independently promote lung injury and inflammation. Our purpose was to study both time- and dose-dependent effects of supplemental oxygen in an experi...

    Authors: Hendrik J. F. Helmerhorst, Laura R. A. Schouten, Gerry T. M. Wagenaar, Nicole P. Juffermans, Joris J. T. H. Roelofs, Marcus J. Schultz, Evert de Jonge and David J. van Westerloo

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:27

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  23. Content type: Research

    Assessment of the microcirculation is a promising target for the hemodynamic management of critically ill patients. However, just as the sole reliance on macrocirculatory parameters, single static parameters o...

    Authors: Matthias Peter Hilty, Jacqueline Pichler, Bulent Ergin, Urs Hefti, Tobias Michael Merz, Can Ince and Marco Maggiorini

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:26

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  24. Content type: Research

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes a heterogeneous lung injury with normal and acutely injured lung tissue in the same lung. Improperly adjusted mechanical ventilation can exacerbate ARDS causing a sec...

    Authors: Sumeet V. Jain, Michaela Kollisch-Singule, Joshua Satalin, Quinn Searles, Luke Dombert, Osama Abdel-Razek, Natesh Yepuri, Antony Leonard, Angelika Gruessner, Penny Andrews, Fabeha Fazal, Qinghe Meng, Guirong Wang, Louis A. Gatto, Nader M. Habashi and Gary F. Nieman

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:25

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  25. Content type: Research

    The microvascular reperfusion injury after retransfusion has not been completely characterized. Specifically, the question of heterogeneity among different microvascular beds needs to be addressed. In addition...

    Authors: Gonzalo Ferrara, Vanina S. Kanoore Edul, Héctor S. Canales, Enrique Martins, Carlos Canullán, Gastón Murias, Mario O. Pozo, Juan F. Caminos Eguillor, María G. Buscetti, Can Ince and Arnaldo Dubin

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:24

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  26. Content type: Research

    Sepsis research relies on animal models to investigate the mechanisms of the dysregulated host response to infection. Animal welfare concerns request the use of potent analgesics for the Refinement of existing se...

    Authors: Victor Jeger, Mattia Arrigo, Florian F. Hildenbrand, Daniel Müller, Paulin Jirkof, Till Hauffe, Burkhardt Seifert, Margarete Arras, Donat R. Spahn, Dominique Bettex and Alain Rudiger

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:23

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  27. Content type: Research

    Hyperoxia, an arterial oxygen pressure of more than 100 mmHg or 13% O2, frequently occurs in hospitalized patients due to administration of supplemental oxygen. Increasing evidence suggests that hyperoxia induces...

    Authors: Ilias Attaye, Yvo M. Smulders, Monique C. de Waard, Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten, Bob Smit, Michiel H. Van Wijhe, Rene J. Musters, Pieter Koolwijk and Angelique M. E. Spoelstra–de Man

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:22

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  28. Content type: Research

    Recognition of cardiomyopathy in sepsis can be challenging due to the limitations of conventional measures such as ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) in the context of variable preload and a...

    Authors: Bereketeab Haileselassie, Erik Su, Iraklis Pozios, Diego F. Niño, Hongyun Liu, Dai-Yin Lu, Ioannis Ventoulis, William B. Fulton, Chhinder P. Sodhi, David Hackam, Brian O’Rourke and Theodore Abraham

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:21

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  29. Content type: Research

    Critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often develop hypercapnia and require mechanical ventilation. Extracorporeal ca...

    Authors: Alexandra G. May, Ayan Sen, Matthew E. Cove, John A. Kellum and William J. Federspiel

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:20

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  30. Content type: Research

    Quantitative lung computed tomography (CT) provides fundamental information about lung aeration in critically ill patients. We tested a scanning protocol combining reduced number of CT slices and tube current,...

    Authors: Lorenzo Ball, Anja Braune, Francesco Corradi, Claudia Brusasco, Alessandro Garlaschi, Thomas Kiss, Thomas Bluth, Francesca Simonassi, Alice Bergamaschi, Jörg Kotzerke, Marcus J. Schultz, Marcelo Gama de Abreu and Paolo Pelosi

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:19

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  31. Content type: Research

    Overwhelming activation of granulocytes and monocytes is central to inflammatory responses during sepsis. Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) is an extracorporeal leukocyte apheresis device fil...

    Authors: Shuai Ma, Qingqing Xu, Bo Deng, Yin Zheng, Hongyan Tian, Li Wang and Feng Ding

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:18

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  32. Content type: Research

    Downregulation of the hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-producing enzymes cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), and/or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST) is associated with chronic cardiovas...

    Authors: Tamara Merz, Tatjana Stenzel, Benedikt Nußbaum, Martin Wepler, Csaba Szabo, Rui Wang, Peter Radermacher and Oscar McCook

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:17

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  33. Content type: Research

    In prolonged non-obese critically ill patients, preservation of adipose tissue is prioritized over that of the skeletal muscle and coincides with increased adipogenesis. However, we recently demonstrated that ...

    Authors: Chloë Goossens, Sarah Vander Perre, Greet Van den Berghe and Lies Langouche

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:16

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  34. Content type: Research

    Extracellular superoxide dismutase (ECSOD) protects nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability by decreasing superoxide levels and preventing peroxynitrite generation, which is important in maintaining renal blood flow...

    Authors: Larissa Constantino, Letícia Selinger Galant, Francieli Vuolo, Karla Lorena Guarido, Luiza Wilges Kist, Giovanna Medeiros Tavares de Oliveira, Matheus Augusto de Bittencourt Pasquali, Cláudio Teodoro de Souza, José Eduardo da Silva-Santos, Maurício Reis Bogo, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira, Cristiane Ritter and Felipe Dal-Pizzol

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:15

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  35. Content type: Research

    Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) is associated with diaphragm dysfunction. Dysfunction results from muscle atrophy and injury of diaphragm muscle fibers. Enhanced proteolysis and reduced protein synthes...

    Authors: Xiaoping Zhu, Hieronymus W. H. van Hees, Leo Heunks, Feifei Wang, Lei Shao, Jiaru Huang, Lei Shi and Shaolin Ma

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:14

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  36. Content type: Research

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) might act as fine-tuners of inflammation during acute lung injury. We assessed the effects of adoptive transfer of MSCs in acid aspiration acute lung injury and explored the role ...

    Authors: Tommaso Mauri, Vanessa Zambelli, Claudia Cappuzzello, Giacomo Bellani, Erica Dander, Marina Sironi, Vittoria Castiglioni, Andrea Doni, Alberto Mantovani, Andrea Biondi, Cecilia Garlanda, Giovanna D’amico and Antonio Pesenti

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:13

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  37. Content type: Research

    Low hemoglobin concentration (Hb) and low mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) impact outcomes in critically ill patients. We utilized an experimental model of “normotensive” vs. “hypotensive” acute hemodilution...

    Authors: Tiffanie Kei, Nikhil Mistry, Albert K. Y. Tsui, Elaine Liu, Stephen Rogers, Allan Doctor, David F. Wilson, Jean-Francois Desjardins, Kim Connelly, C. David Mazer and Gregory M. T. Hare

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:12

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  38. Content type: Research

    Increasing intra-abdominal volume (IAV) can lead to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) or abdominal compartment syndrome. Both are associated with raised morbidity and mortality. IAH can increase airway pressu...

    Authors: Adrian Regli, Bart Leon De Keulenaer, Bhajan Singh, Lisen Emma Hockings, Bill Noffsinger and Peter Vernon van Heerden

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:11

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  39. Content type: Research

    The purposes of this study are to examine if the human glucocorticoid receptor (hGR) isoform-α mRNA and hGR protein expressions are deficient in the acute phase of sepsis (S) compared to systemic inflammatory ...

    Authors: Konstantinos Vardas, Stavroula Ilia, Amalia Sertedaki, Evangelia Charmandari, Efrossini Briassouli, Dimitris Goukos, Kleovoulos Apostolou, Katerina Psarra, Efthimia Botoula, Stylianos Tsagarakis, Eleni Magira, Christina Routsi, Constantine A. Stratakis, Serafim Nanas and George Briassoulis

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:10

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  40. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Intensive care units provide specialised care for critically ill patients around the clock. However, intensive care unit patients have disrupted circadian rhythms. Furthermore, disrupted circadian rhythms are ...

    Authors: Hannah J. Durrington, Richard Clark, Ruari Greer, Franck P. Martial, John Blaikley, Paul Dark, Robert J. Lucas and David W. Ray

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:9

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  41. Content type: Review

    It has been shown that mechanical ventilation in patients with, or at high-risk for, the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can be a double-edged sword. If the mechanical breath is impro...

    Authors: Gary F. Nieman, Joshua Satalin, Penny Andrews, Hani Aiash, Nader M. Habashi and Louis A. Gatto

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:8

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  42. Content type: Research

    The initial phase of sepsis is characterized by hyperinflammation. Levels of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) rise rapidly during acute inflammation. The purpose of this clinical study was to study the association bet...

    Authors: Ruben J. van der Wekken, Hans Kemperman, Mark Roest and Dylan W. de Lange

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:7

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  43. Content type: Research

    Fluid resuscitation is a crucial therapy for sepsis, and the use of balanced fluids and/or isotonic albumin may improve patient survival. We have previously demonstrated that resuscitation with normal saline r...

    Authors: Amanda L. Patrick, Peter M. Grin, Nicole Kraus, Michelle Gold, Matthew Berardocco, Patricia C. Liaw and Alison E. Fox-Robichaud

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:5

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  44. Content type: Research

    A key feature of sepsis is systemic inflammatory activation that could be counteracted by steroids. In this experimental model of systemic inflammation, we sought to investigate whether septic neutrophil activ...

    Authors: E. Söderberg, M. Eriksson, A. Larsson and M. Lipcsey

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:4

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  45. Content type: Research

    Critically ill patients develop atrophic muscle failure, which increases morbidity and mortality. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is activated early in sepsis. Whether IL-1β acts directly on muscle cells and whether it...

    Authors: Nora Huang, Melanie Kny, Fabian Riediger, Katharina Busch, Sibylle Schmidt, Friedrich C. Luft, Hortense Slevogt and Jens Fielitz

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:3

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  46. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Soluble TLR2 levels are elevated in infective and inflammatory conditions, but its diagnostic value with sepsis-induced multi-organ failure has not been evaluated. 37 patients with a diagnosis of severe sepsis...

    Authors: Benjamin Holst, Tamas Szakmany, Anne-Catherine Raby, Vincent Hamlyn, Kimberley Durno, Judith E. Hall and Mario O. Labéta

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:2

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  47. Content type: Research

    Intravenous (IV) immunoglobulin (Ig) treatment is known to alleviate behavioral deficits and increase survival in the experimentally induced model of sepsis. To delineate the mechanisms by which IVIg treatment...

    Authors: Figen Esen, Gunseli Orhun, Perihan Ergin Ozcan, Evren Senturk, Melike Kucukerden, Murat Giris, Ugur Akcan, Canan Ugur Yilmaz, Nurcan Orhan, Nadir Arican, Mehmet Kaya, Sema Bilgic Gazioglu and Erdem Tuzun

    Citation: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental 2017 5:1

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